By Marcus Ackroyd, Laurence Brockliss, Michael Moss, Kathryn Retford, John Stevenson
Offering the 1st ever statistical research of a pro cohort within the period of the economic revolution, this prosopographical research of a few 450 surgeons who joined the military scientific carrier throughout the progressive and Napoleonic wars, charts the historical past, schooling, army and civilian occupation, marriage, sons' occupations, wealth at demise, and broader social and cultural pursuits of the participants of the cohort. It finds the position that may be performed by means of the nascent professions during this interval in selling quick social mobility. the gang of scientific practitioners chosen for this research didn't come from prosperous or specialist households yet profited from their years within the military to accumulate a superb and infrequently superb fortune, marry into the professions, and position their sons in specialist careers. The examine contributes to our figuring out of Britishness within the interval, because the majority of the cohort got here from small-town and rural Scotland and eire yet seldom came upon their better halves within the local nation and regularly settled in London and different English towns, the place they typically turned pillars of the group.
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Additional resources for Advancing with the Army: Medicine, the Professions and Social Mobility in the British Isles 1790-1850
The consequence, though, was to create rather than reduce administrative confusion, since the surgeon- general and the inspector of hospitals were given overlapping roles. With regard to appointments a crude division of labour was set up which broadly followed eighteenth-century practice: the physician-general recommended staff physicians, and the surgeon-general staff and regimental surgeons and their assistants (from 1794 no longer called mates), while the inspector of hospitals nominated ancillary hospital personnel—the surgeons’ mates, apothecaries (who looked after the medicines), and purveyors (who looked after the stores and equipment)—at the surgeon-general’s behest.
However, the inspector of hospitals was more powerful than he looked. Although he could use the lion’s share of his patronage power only when asked to do so, he had the right to interfere in the lives of the regimental surgeons whom the surgeon-general had promoted by dint of being ‘responsible for all matters relative to the supply of their medicines, and management of their hospitals’. ²⁷ ²³ Cantlie, Army Medical Department, i. 191–3; Keate, Observations, 46. Deal was originally a navy hospital.
Perkin, The Origins of Modern English Society 1780–1880 (London, 1969), esp. 319–39. ⁴¹ See pp. 195–7. 16 Introduction continent both under the Ancien Régime or in the nineteenth-century European states with their large professional armies and increasingly bureaucratic support structures. As a result, many who started their careers as army doctors were to pass into non-service life as civilian practitioners. In the second place, the Army Medical Service was precociously professionalized compared with the wider British medical community before 1858.
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