By Richard J. A. Talbert
Ancient views encompasses an unlimited arc of area and time—Western Asia to North Africa and Europe from the 3rd millennium BCE to the 5th century CE—to discover mapmaking and worldviews within the historical civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome. In each one society, maps served as severe monetary, political, and private instruments, yet there has been little consistency in how and why they have been made. very similar to this day, maps in antiquity intended very various things to assorted people.
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Extra info for Ancient Perspectives: Maps and Their Place in Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome
Nangiwtam ‘warriors’ < nangi-we-t-m c. qeyuwtam ‘whales’ < qeyu-we-t-m ‘whale’ If a super-heavy syllable would result, the vowel is not lost. 32 (59) Phonology a. hunwetim ‘bears’ < hun-we-t-m, *hunwtim b. a$hwetim ‘eagles’ < a$h-we-t-m, *a$hwtim Examples with -qat ‘purposive nominalization/immediate future tense’ followed by plural also illustrate deletion. In (60a), the a of the suffix -qat has been lost, while in (60b), where a super-heavy syllable would result from deletion, it is retained.
Thus it is familiar to community members and is retained here. However, it is not necessary to write stress in every word, as was done in Hill and Nolasquez (1973). The majority of Cupeño words exhibit primary stress on the first syllable of the root. In the present volume stress is marked only on words that do not follow this pattern, for various reasons. First, stress is marked on the first syllable of the root of prefixed words. This usage obviates the necessity of writing a hyphen between prefix (or proclitic) and root.
As coda: a’chimal ‘pretty, nice’ Glottal stop in word-initial position is not written in the practical orthography. 3). The affricate, orthographic ch, is the same as the fricative [S] but with a homorganic stop onset, [tS] in IPA notation, though this notation fails to capture the fact that the onset is homorganic with [S] (Golla 2005). (11) /ch/ as onset: chamish ‘chokecherry’, Chexemin ‘the Pleiades’, chinga ‘if’, chunal ‘sandbur’ The affricate [tS] alternates with [S] (orthographic sh), the former appearing only as syllable onset, the latter only as coda.
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