By Miira Tuominen
This booklet deals the 1st synoptic research of the way the first components in wisdom buildings have been analysed in antiquity from Plato to overdue historic commentaries. It argues that, within the Platonic-Aristotelian culture, the query of beginning issues used to be taken care of from specific issues of view: as a query of ways we collect uncomplicated wisdom; and as a question of the premises we might instantly settle for within the line of argumentation.
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Additional info for Apprehension and Argument: Ancient Theories of Starting Points for Knowledge (Studies in the History of Philosophy of Mind)
28 CHAPTER ONE plus the explananda itself. Because of the condition of diatwl4a, the set does not contain any statements that are inconsistent with the hypothesis. 34 If the hypothesis makes us believe propositions we otherwise have strong reasons to disbelieve, this fact would undermine the credibility of the hypothesis as well. 35 However, it does not follow by necessity that Plato should be characterised as a coherence theorist of truth. Rather, I take it that some kind of coherence only functions as an indication of the truth value of the belief set.
Healthiest’ has also been suggested; see Gregory (2000, 90). THEORIES OF ARGUMENTATION 27 The connection between the method and search for explanations is quite clear in the context. , that this stick here is equal to that stick over there). Explanatory power also gives us a criterion for choosing the statements the truth of which one is to evaluate by the method. , infinite disjunctions including the hypothesis, because a good explanation should be specific concerning the question of which claim one is explaining.
The most likely meaning of this criterion is that when one has reached that which cannot be further divided, one reaches such subtypes of more general types that cannot be further divided into natural kinds. Further division would force us to distinguish particular cases under these types. Examples of such indivisible types are the four types of divine madness in the Phaedrus. 44 Collection always aims at what is more general: it consists in locating the inquired 43 See D. Frede (1993, xxv); Thesleff (1999) takes these principles to be Pythagorean.
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